讀《職場中的心理學》一書有感
  作者:樊瑞芬  時間:2019-04-19  點擊量:   
【字體:

“把自己放在正確的位置,選擇適合自己的人生,不要因為他人的看法而改變自己的定位。”

“發現自己的特長,找準自己的位置,給自己找準定位,照著方向前進。

封面的這兩段彩色字體的內容正像是“雪中送炭”,亦或是“心靈雞湯”。走進職工書屋,在百本書中瞬間選擇第一本自己想讀的書有點困難,且不說愛不愛讀書,真的是工作生活習慣改變了“畢業后的我們”,也許這是個借口。人們都說“80后”是一苦逼的人群,奮斗中的主力軍,上有父母下有兒女,不是啃老就是還房貸,好點的政策沒一能趕得上,現又大都為了生活中的經濟負擔選擇背井離鄉與家人聚少離多的職業,還正是叫人“憂愁”。

當今職場也不是那么順當,身在職場,每個人都有過這樣的經歷:為自己的將來通往何處而不知所措;為如何面對工作中的紛擾而苦惱;未認識到自己的能力,得不到自我肯定;工作中總是死氣沉沉,沒有一點激情;與同事之間的關系總是處理得不融洽等等。正是因為很多人都存在著這么多的問題,我們是該學點職場心理學。

有所耳聞,心理學是一門內容很廣的學科,很多學校有專門的院系來研究,心理學研究也是很有前途的一門職業。現在幼兒階段有些地區的學前教育也會設有心理學老師,所以我們也應該有所接觸學習,了解我們自己和我們已經碰到或者將要碰到的人和物。

所謂“人心難測”、“知人知面不知心”,人是一種很復雜的生物。人總是做出一些讓自己的同類都感覺心寒或者是不可思議的事情,但是心里學家們更會分析,每一種做法都是可以歸類的,人類的每一種現象都是可以解釋的。以往的心理學家經過了很長的觀測,細心的總結,再進行反復的試驗,以此論證他們的成果。其實今天的我們是很幸運的,我們不必要苦苦尋思一類現象的本質,因為早就有人為我們做了這些事情,現在我們要做的,就是學習,學會前人的理論,并且更好的就用于職業生涯之中。

從書中以往的案例事件來看,專家們分析中的幾點因素還是與現實比較相近相似且真實存在的。

首先,年輕員工抗壓能力差、心里脆弱。80、90后是現代大城市中的打工族,多是獨生子女,抗壓能力、吃苦能力都比較差。進入現實工作后,理想與現實的巨大差距讓這些心理尚未成熟的打工者難以適從。會覺得懷才不遇,受到了不公正待遇,逐漸對學習和生活喪失興趣,產生厭世感。加上工作難以適應,人際關系等方面的影響,一些人還會出現抑郁、焦慮的等心理問題。

其次,密集型工作磨損心理。企業員工現大多離職離崗甚至出現自殺等事件,多是發生在勞動強度較大,工作簡單等行業。一般像只受過簡單的入職培訓,工作中但要求比較高,年輕員工身心難以適應。而每天重復性的工作也會磨損人的心理,如果再休息不好、缺乏情感交流,就會加重挫折感和孤獨感,對生活喪失信心。

最后,統一管理缺乏心靈關懷。據書中分析的如富士康一案例,廠區員工生活在集體管理之中,缺乏個人生活空間。打工者又遠離家鄉和親人,一旦出現不良情緒,找不到宣泄途徑,缺少親情撫慰和自我救助的條件。久而久之,不良情緒累積起來,造成了極端行為,正好也是我們員工生活環境現狀所真實存在的。結合書中專家分析的案例來看,對比,他們也呼吁:企業應該對員工心理健康給予更多關懷,應該讓他們學點職場心理學,對此能夠自我調節身心健康,這點我認為是極其必要、重要的。

這本書就結合心理學對職業環境進行分析和闡述,希望每一個人能夠學到更多的職場生存法則,尤其是在對心理學有所了解之后,會有恍然大悟的感覺,并都能夠對職場中的壓力進行分析,然后找到解決問題的方法。即使問題一時解決不了,也不會選擇極端的方式,因為逃避工作是心理脆弱的表現,只有加強心理素質,才能敢于應對職場中的挑戰,從而看到自己的理想和目標會最終實現。

如果將書中所闡述的建議運用到實踐中去將獲得了解相關理論知識信息,培養各種人際技能、解決工作問題、抓住工作機遇,那么我們可以今后與他人建立良好的人際關系。同時,還能將關系人類行為的系統知識運用于工作以提高個人滿意度以及工作績效。書里面有很多觀點是作者對成功人士觀點和經驗的總結,它能助我們盡快找到生活的方向,從而在人生的旅途上少走彎路。


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